The Languedoc-Roussillon region is dominated by 740,300 acres (2,996 km2) of vineyards, three times the combined area of the vineyards in Bordeaux. The region has been an important winemaking centre for centuries.
The Mediterranean climate and plentiful land with soil ranging from rocky sand to thick clay was very suitable for the production of wine, and it is estimated that one in ten bottles of the world's wine was produced in this region during the 20th century . Despite this enormous quantity, the area's significance was often overlooked by scholarly publications and commercial journals, largely because very little of the wine being produced was classified under an appellation contrôlée until the 1980s.
Today, the Languedoc region is one of the most exciting wine regions certainly in France, if not the world. Due to the sheer size of the region and the perfect climate for grape growing some of the most unexpected and interesting blends of grapes such as Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot are found here.
Reine et Pape's small plot of vines is located within the Cabardes appellation overlooking the medieval town of Carcassonne.